It is GoodReason’s core competence to connect and combine different theories, professions, disciplines and methods, not to deeply specialize. GoodReason seeks for holism to understand the big picture, outside of box.
Behaviorism learns from behavior of systems, cognitivism about building conceptions about them, constructivism by building new abstractions and implementations and connectism about relations.
All of them are systemic. Any of them has its drawbacks, but together they are most useful. GoodReason understands them all.
Every system that has a purpose, has a so called intentionality. GoodReason warmly suggests a specific way to draw it (Fig 1). This drawing contains most of the most important concepts of system: input, output and feedback. The novel extensions are the relation: from history to future (vertical), from theory to practice (fact, from 2 to 6) and from feedback to structure to organize (4 to 5).
This graph model is often used in these pages, using rather free analogies, depending on the context.
”Interdisciplinarity involves the combining several academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, psychology, economics etc. It is about creating something new by thinking across boundaries.”
Interdisciplinarity is one of the greatest challenges of modern science, with the best expectations, because at work we are speaking with the same meaning about multi-professionalism, multi-talented persons, artificial intelligence etc.
Meta-disciplinarity (modified from P. Batz) is a novel approach to compose a new academic discipline from the theoretical components of previously existing disciplines, and from the evidence and observations available. It is assumed to find new kind of contribution starting from
The meta-disciplinary approach is expected to present recently emergent features or new tools of observation, inquiry, contemplation, simulation, etc. or new modes of action or execution.
”Organizational metacognition is knowing what an organization knows, a concept related to metacognition, organizational learning, the learning organization and sensemaking. It is used to describe how organizations and teams develop an awareness of their own thinking, learning how to learn, where awareness of ignorance can motivate learning.”
There are four learning prototypes (Wijnhoven, 2001) best meet learning needs, the match between these needs and learning norms dictating an organization’s learning capabilities; deutero-learning is the acquisition of these capabilities.
See more at: Metacognition: A Practical Overview Ed Nuhfer.
”Metacognition is a way of reflecting on: “What am I really trying to do here?”
Kerne, A., doing interface ecology: the practice of metadisciplinarity, Proc SIGGRAPH Art and Animation.
”Doing interface ecology means connecting theory and practice through metadisciplinary structures. Separating New Media Studies, or Internet Studies from practice would avoid the metadisciplinary nature of interface phenomena. Connecting disciplines promotes the creation of hybrid forms. As computational artifacts and their interfaces become tangible and pervasive, as they permeate a wider and wider range of human activities and environments, the need for metadisciplinary practice grows. Future work will explore how the practice of metadisciplinarity can play a new role in pedagogy and research among fields such as computation, information, graphics, interaction design, and “new” media.”
Metamodels are the a clear step to the transdisciplinary and metadisciplinary direction.
Fig 1 has been slightly changed to Fig 2 for discipline:
We can imagine that in each sector at a longer and longer distance there are other disciplines, systems and concepts relevant to the sector variables.
Ronald Ackoff has written (1972) a book about purposeful systems, which focused on the question how systems thinking relates to human behaviour. ”Individual systems are purposive”, they said, ”knowledge and understanding of their aims can only be gained by taking into account the mechanisms of social, cultural, and psychological systems”.
Any human-created systems can be characterized as ”purposeful system” when its ”members are also purposeful individuals who intentionally and collectively formulate objectives and are parts of larger purposeful systems”. Other characteristics are:
”Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.”