”Cyber Age is the era marked by the development and widespread use of virtual reality or the Internet.”
Modeling and systems thinking also form virtual models. All those principles support each other and IT. IT creates models for any discipline.
Systems engineering is planning systems. One goal of that society is to define what is common in all systems and the study in general (von Bertalanffy: General Systems Theory).
Viable System Theory is the most essential theory of cybernetics. Concepts studied by cyberneticists include, but are not limited to: learning, cognition, adaptation, social control, emergence, convergence, communication, efficiency, efficacy, and connectivity. In cybernetics these concepts are abstracted from the context of the specific organism or device.
”Viable system theory (VST) concerns cybernetic processes in relation to the development/evolution of dynamic systems. They are considered to be living systems in the sense that they are complex and adaptive, can learn, and are capable of maintaining an autonomous existence, at least within the confines of their constraints. These attributes involve the maintenance of internal stability through adaptation to changing environments.
The viable system model (VSM) is a model of the organisational structure of any autonomous system capable of producing itself. A viable system is any system organised in such a way as to meet the demands of surviving in the changing environment. One of the prime features of systems that survive is that they are adaptable. The VSM expresses a model for a viable system, which is an abstracted cybernetic (regulation theory) description that is applicable to any organisation that is a viable system and capable of autonomy.”
Since the Macy conferences (1940-1953) the best cybernetists have tried to create a cybernetic machine to combine skills and knowledge of all disciplines. Nowadays we are closer to that aim than ever, due to technology. We only need cognitive models to understand better the models, as well as will from persons. The challenges are named: the VUCA world and the sixth Kondratieff wave.
Revolutionary benefits caused by cybernetics are:
A widely accepted model for cybernetics is Beer’s Viable System Model with its 5 levels (Fig 2):
”Cybernetics is a professional level metatheory for diagnostics!”