”Thinking outside the box (also thinking out of the box or thinking beyond the box) is a metaphor that means to think differently, unconventionally, or from a new perspective. This phrase often refers to novel or creative thinking.”
This skill is helpful especially for innovating.
Beer has seen worker inside of 12 level hierarchy. It is very difficult to use his/her power throughout the so deep systemic network.
As a demonstration of power of semantics of the Viable System Model (Fig 2) its uses in large NASA networks is shown as an architecture.
Because of its recursive nature, Viable systems have an understandable logic to survive, to make evolution, repair and develop models.
Intellectual synthesis is a broad term describing scholarly endeavors meant to unify and fuse a large amount of information into a single integrated body of knowledge. Commonly, intellectual synthesis occurs as an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary academic effort by one or more scholars.
Pursuits that seek the broadest possible intellectual synthesis so as to establish principles that apply to everything in the universe include: Big History , Integrative levels, Systems science, Universal Darwinism, Complexity , Emergence and Energy rate density.
Essential concepts due to evolution are: Structure, Field, Variation, Regulation,Creativity and Causality.
The fundamental holistic characters as a unity of parts which is so close and intense as to be more than the sum of its parts; which not only gives a particular conformation or structure to the parts, but so relates and determines them in their synthesis that their functions are altered; the synthesis affects and determines the parts, so that they function towards the whole; and the whole and the parts, therefore reciprocally influence and determine each other, and appear more or less to merge their individual characters: the whole is in the parts and the parts are in the whole, and this synthesis of whole and parts is reflected in the holistic character of the functions of the parts as well as of the whole.