GoodReason  is a wireframe to define, what is anything in order to map a route for planning something or anything (See analogy to Website wireframe).

The goal of planning: To create something new, or to repair old.

The theses for definitions here are.

1. Planning is universal, because it covers anything.

2. Planning is systemic, and connective, because it combined old things with new ones.

3. Planning is human – centered and interactive, because the developer should talk to himself/herself about the process, with meta cognition.

4. Planning is often complex, requiring processes and protocols and professional practices.

Systems thinking as a planning tool

Document about Systems thinking to be applied (written by Edson et al) shows planning as Systems Engineering (on left) for hard systems. Also soft systems should be planned, but it is not technology.

Fig 1: Systems thinking applied, how to use it in planning.

Strategic planning is often the most important

According to Jensen, the six (6) roles of strategic planning are:

  • 1. Setting Organizational Direction
    2. Concentration of Effort
    3. Understanding the Organization
    4. Understanding the External Environment
    5. Keeper, Seeker, Disseminator of Information and Values
    6. Springboard for Action

Definition: Planning

”Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. It involves the creation and maintenance of a plan, such as psychological aspects that require conceptual skills.”

There are numerous use cases to use planning. They can be grouped according to principles of GoodReason – intentionality – graph.

Definition: Systems engineering

”Systems engineering has been defined as – “the science of designing complex systems in their totality to ensure that the component subsystems making up the system are designed, fitted together, checked and operated in the most efficient way. However, in the ensuring 45 years, systems engineers seem to have been busy creating more and more complex models and processes.”

  • Systems engineering overlaps problem-solving, project management and other disciplines • The role of the systems engineer in the workplace depends on the situation • Myths and defects abound unquestioned • Various views and opinions on the nature of systems engineering – Process, problem-solving, meta-discipline, etc. – Different process views • Use of language that encourages confusion – Terminology with overlapping and different meanings.
  • Different views of systems engineering are views of ‘something’ from different single perspectives • Problem is to determine the ‘something’ • It is like solving a jig-saw puzzle without a picture.

Definitions: Design science & Desing thinking: 

  • ”Design science is a systematic form of designing.”
  • ”Design thinking refers to creative strategies designers use during the process of designing.”

Definition: Personal development

  • ”Personal development covers activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance the quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations. Personal development takes place over the course of a person’s entire life. Not limited to self-help, the concept involves formal and informal activities for developing others in roles such as teacher, guide, counselor, manager, life coach or mentor. When personal development takes place in the context of institutions, it refers to the methods, programs, tools, techniques, and assessment systems that support human development at the individual level in organizations.”

Definition: Process

  • ”In engineering, a process is a series of interrelated tasks that, together, transform inputs into outputs. These tasks may be carried out by people, nature or machines using various resources; an engineering process must be considered in the context of the agents carrying out the tasks and the resource attributes involved. Systems engineering normative documents and those related to Maturity Models are typically based on processes.”



A system is a set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole or a set of elements and relationships which are different from relationships of the set or its elements to other elements or sets.